A member of the benzodiazepine family, valium is used by doctors to treat panic and anxiety attacks. Valium is a prescription drug which targets the gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitter in the brain. The GABA neurotransmitter relaxes the brain and slows down brain activity. The drug targets the area and strengthens the effect of the GABA to reduce anxiety and panic. Because of this, valium brings around a feeling of relaxation and drowsiness which has increased its popularity as a sedative. Physicians use it as a tranquilizer or as a painkiller. However, with prolonged use, even under medication, the drug can prove addictive and begin to show adverse effects.
Valium is provided for oral administration in the form of 2 mg, 5 and 10 mg diazepam tablets. Additional to the active diazepam ingredient each of the tablet contains anhydrous lactose, corn starch, calcium stearate and pregelatinized starch.
Once the user starts taking Valium as a recreational drug, they begin to experience euphoria. The drug relaxes the mind and produces a trancelike state. The state is similar to that produced by alcohol and the user feels in coordinated and shaky. As the high wears off, the drug produces a feeling of withdrawal known as the come off. The pleasant feeling vanishes as the drug wears off and the brain resorts to its usual activity level. The rush of activeness produces anxiety, irritation, depression and seizures. In order to avoid the crash followed by the high, users repeat their dose to produce the same happy feeling.
Valium, like any other prescription drug, has its side effects too. These increase as the drug is abused and the addiction grows stronger but they are temporary and fade away within the span of a few hours. Some of these side effects include delayed reflexes, slowed breathing rate, slurred speech and nausea. The user may also experience decreased memory, confusion and changes in appetite. However, these effects are not very alarming in themselves.
As the user continues to abuse the drug over a long period of time, the body and mind begin to experience serious concerns. The user suffers from memory loss which may lead to amnesia and succumbs to hallucinations. The heart rate and breathing rate are effectively slowed down permanently which leads to respiratory and cardiovascular problems. This can, in turn, lead to heart attacks or strokes and eventually, to a coma if the user is not careful.
The brain activity is decreased and everyday symptoms begin to show. The user appears dull and has aggressive mood swings. Depression and psychotic behavior are exhibited and the user becomes fatigued. The user also suffers from clumsiness and loses interest in normal day to day activities. Memory loss and slowed metabolism also affect the user.
Valium is an addictive drug that demands to be taken I increased doses in order to produce the same effect each time. Withdrawal symptoms are experienced by the users if an increased amount is not ingested. These include depression, stomach problems, and anxiety, irritation, and panic attacks. To avoid this, the user increases the dose. This leads to an excess intake of the drug that could cause coma or even death.
If valium is taken with other drugs that make you sleepy or slow on your performance or daily tasks or effect your breathing in any form it may highly be dangerous or even credited to be life threatening. The concerning doctor must be consulted before valium use with a combination of any sleeping pill, narcotic pain medicine, muscle relaxant or any sort of medication that is used for anxiety, depression or seizures.
The drug needs to be worn off using detoxication processes overseen by professionals who wear the user off the drug in a way to reduce the withdrawal process. The patient then needs to be admitted into a rehab facility to cleanse the effects of the drug from their personal life.